News Category: Thoracic Spine

The Jury is In: Vertebroplasty Reduces Pain and Improves Function

Doctors know that anyone over the age of 50 experiencing sharp and sudden mid-to-low back pain could be suffering a vertebral compression fracture (VCF). These fractures of the vertebra can occur without obvious trauma. Osteoporosis (weakened or brittle bones) is the major risk factor. When stress on the spine from […]

Rare Complication After Spinal Fusion

Any surgery is done knowing there are risks involved. The most serious risk is death. But sometimes the unusual happens. In this case report, a 70 year-old-woman who had spine surgery ended up with a rare condition called man-in-the-barrel syndrome (MIBS). The surgeons involved in the case present what happened […]

Optimal Treatment for Vertebral Burst Fractures

In this retrospective study, surgeons look back over the medical records and treatment results of 127 patients with an acute (recent) thoracolumbar burst fracture. Treatment for this condition isn’t cut and dry. There are still many questions about the best way to go: should the patient have surgery to stabilize […]

Predictive Factors for Subsequent Vertebral Fracture After Percutaneous Vertebroplasty.

While percutaneous vertebroplasty is an effective tool in the treatment of vertebral compression fracture, twelve to 52 percent will have post percutaneous vertebroplasty, PVP, vertebral fracture. The authors of the study were hoping to gain knowledge about risk factors for the development of post PVP vertebral fracture. They reviewed medical […]

Traumatic Spondyloptosis of the Thoracolumbar Spine

The authors described five case studies of patients who suffered traumatic spondyloptosis of the thoracolumbar junction. This is a rare but severe injury. There is complete fracture dislocation of the spine. These injuries have the highest association with spinal cord injury of all fracture types. The thoracolumbar junction is involved […]

Surgical Management of Posttraumatic Thoracolumbar Kyphosis

The authors reviewed available literature regarding current treatment methods for posttraumatic thoracolumbar deformity. In the United States alone, 10,000 to 17,000 people will have a spinal cord injury annually. Those that fracture their spine exceed 150,000 annually. As a result of improved medical care, more people are surviving these injuries. […]

Surgical Treatment of Unstable Thoracic Spine Injuries

Severe injuries to the thoracic spine occur with some car accidents. These high-energy injuries cause significant trauma to the spine. Surgery is needed to restore the vertebrae to a stable position. A major goal of treatment is to foster as much neurologic recovery as possible. In some cases, preventing paralysis […]

A Look at Patients with Spondylothoracic Dysplasia and Thoracic Insufficiency Syndrome

Spondylothoracic dysplasia (SD) is an inherited condition that results in dwarfism (short trunk), a prominent back of the skull, broad forehead, and wide nasal bridge, also results in severe respiratory problems from thoracic insufficiency syndrome. The skeletal deformities (ribs and spine) compress the area where the lungs should expand, making […]

A Look Back at the Results of Surgery for Scheuermann’s Kyphosis

In this study, surgeons take a look back and review the results of 78 patients who had surgery for Scheuermann’s kyphosis. The results of this study provide updated outcomes using current implant systems and surgical techniques. Scheuermann’s kyphosis is an excessive forward curve of the thoracic spine. The thoracic spine […]

Update on Scheuermann’s Kyphosis

Doctors from the Mayo Clinic provide this review and update on a condition called Scheuermann’s kyphosis. Kyphosis refers to a forward rounding of the thoracic spine. The deformity was first described by Dr. Scheuermann based on X-ray findings. No one knows for sure yet just what causes this problem. Children […]

Fracture As a Complication of Kyphoplasty

Vertebral compression fractures (VCFs) are common in older adults who have osteoporosis (brittle bones). Treatment is usually conservative (nonoperative). But when pain persists, surgical procedures such as kyphoplasty or vertebroplasty may be advised. Both procedures involve injecting cement into the broken vertebra. In kyphoplasty, a balloon is inserted inside the […]

Use of Image-Guided Technology in Spine Surgery

When the thoracic spine must be stabilized surgically, pedicle screws may be used. The pedicle is a portion of bone just below the facet joints of the spine. The pedicle connects the main body of the vertebra to the bony ring that protects the spinal cord. Using screws to hold […]

Preventing Neurologic Injuries After Vertebroplasty or Kyphoplasty

Vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty are two similar surgical treatments for spinal factures caused by osteoporosis. In both these procedures, cement is injected into the fractured vertebral body. In the case of kyphoplasty, a balloon is inserted into the bone first. The balloon is inflated, removed, and then glue is injected inside […]

Early Treatment for Thoracic Myelopathy Advised

There are many changes in the spine that occur with aging. Most affect the lower (lumbar) spine. Some affect the neck (cervical) spine. Much less often, but no less disabling, the thoracic spine is affected. The thoracic spine is in the middle between the cervical and lumbar spines. The ribs […]

Causes of Thoracic Outlet Syndrome

Thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) refers to a condition of arm (and sometimes neck) pain, numbness, tingling, and weakness of the arms and hands. It is caused by pressure on the nerves and/or blood vessels as they pass through the neck and travel down the arm. TOS can affect one or […]

Early Spinal Fusion is the Key to Success After Traumatic Kyphosis

Kyphosis, a forward curvature of the spine can occur after vertebral fracture. If the fracture isn’t treated properly or the bones don’t heal for some reason, this deformity can become a problem. In this study, surgeons compare the results of two different ways to fuse the spine after post-traumatic kyphosis. […]

Diagnosing and Treating Symptomatic Thoracic Kyphosis

Surgeons from the Kyoto University School of Medicine report on a rare case of thoracic kyphosis causing serious problems for an 84-year old man. Thoracic kyphosis refers to an increased forward curve in the middle of the back. He was unable to walk more than 50 meters with a walker. […]

Translaminar Screws for High Thoracic Fixation

When fusing bones of the spine together, surgeons can use hooks, wires, screws, rods, or plates. Recently special screws with superior strength called transpedicular screws have been in use. The location of the fusion has a large bearing in deciding which type of fixation to use. In this study, translaminar […]