News Category: Child

Using Imaging Studies to Sort Out Taumatic Hip Injuries in Children

Hip pain in growing children isn’t always from “growing pains.” Children and young teens active in sports training and competition who have not completed their growth often develop hip pain. They will need some special consideration when being evaluated because the bones are not fully formed yet. For example, when […]

Children Fare Better Than Adults After Nerve Injury

Nerve damage in the forearm from crush injuries or cuts by glass, knife, or saw can lead to significant disability. But nerves do heal even if at a very slow rate. In fact, studies show that with nerve repair, improvement can continue up to five years after the surgery. The […]

Septic Hip Arthritis and Dislocation in Children

Infection of the hip joint that is undiagnosed and therefore untreated can lead to a condition known as septic arthritis. In young children, dislocation of the septic hip can be a challenge. For one thing, the hip that is not fully formed can look like it is dislocated when, in […]

Three Tiered Surgical Treatment for Legg-Calvé-Perthes Disease

Research has shown us that Legg-Calvé-Perthes occurs more often in certain geographical areas. For example, children in Northern Europe have the highest rate of occurrence while children around the equator have the lowest incidence. Why is that? Well, first, what is Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (also known as Perthes disease)? Perthes is […]

Dilemmas Treating Children with Perthes Hip Disease

Treating children with Perthes hip disease presents some interesting challenges. Current approaches include non-weight-bearing (not putting any weight on the leg) for long periods of time. This method is not necessary for younger children (before age six) because they tend to have a good prognosis. It is reserved more for […]

What to Do About Pain for Children After Surgery

It is a tough sell but patients undergoing surgery for any reason must take their pain medications as prescribed. That means the full amount as often as recommended. Many Americans still subscribe to the belief that if there’s “no pain, there’s no gain”. And they feel it is better to […]

Three Important Factors in Child ACL Tears

Sometimes it seems like children are made of rubber. They fall or they injure themselves in some way but they get up and bounce back as if nothing ever happened. But in reality, that’s not always the case. And with more children and teens participating in sports activities, there has […]

What Patients with Femoroacetabular Impingement Need Most

Sometimes in life, there are more answers than there are questions. Orthopedic surgeons certainly face their share of unknowns with many different kinds of problems. Take the treatment of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) for example. Best practice and guidelines for clinical practice based on high-quality evidence just aren’t available for this […]

Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis: Treatment With or Without Hip Dislocation?

Whether you are new to the topic of slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) or well-acquainted with this condition, the results of this recent study will be of interest to you. For those just learning about slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE), it is a condition that affects the hip in teenagers […]

Treatment of Four Sports Injuries of the Knee in Children

As more and more children and teens participate in organized sports at a younger age, it is no surprise that knee injuries are on the rise. In this report, a pediatric orthopedic surgeon from UCLA School of Medicine reviews four specific injuries that may require surgical intervention. These include: 1) […]

Safe and Easier Care with Single-Leg Spica Cast for Children

Young children with a fractured femur (thigh bone) can be treated in a number of different ways. Most involve casting of some sort. To prevent movement and allow the bone to heal, a spica cast is used most often. This type of cast starts at the waist and goes all […]

Update on Guidelines for Treating Osteochondritis Dissecans of the Knee

In this brief document, members of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons provide a 16-point clinical practice guideline for the treatment of osteochondritis dissecans (OCD). Although OCD can affect several areas of the body (ankle, elbow, knee), this review is strictly limited to the diagnosis and treatment of the knee. […]

Surgeons Move Away From Surgery to Treat Clubfoot

Clubfoot also known as Congenital Talipes Equinovarus describes a position of the foot a baby is born with. The foot is turned under and towards the other foot. When broken down into its parts, equinovarus means that the toes are pointed down (equinus) with the ankle flexed forward (like the […]

ATV Injuries in Children on the Rise

Thousands of children are being seriously injured in all-terrain vehicle (ATV) accidents every year. In fact, the number of accidents and injuries has doubled in the last 10 years. Children are less likely to be riding ATVs compared with adults but they make up a full one-third of all injuries. […]

Patterns of Ankle Fractures in Children

One of the biggest concerns for children with ankle fractures is the risk of damage to the growth plate called physeal arrest. Surgeons evaluating children with physeal fractures of the lower leg bones (tibia and fibula) must be very careful to identify the specific type of fracture and all other […]

Treating Triplane Ankle Fractures in Children

Triplane fractures of the ankle affect three sections of the lower part of the tibia (lower leg bone). That’s why they are called “triplane.” The force of injury is strong enough to split the joint surface, fracture the epiphysis (round end of the tibia), move through the growth plate, and […]

Controversies and Complications of Growth Plate Fractures in Children

Any fracture affecting the growth plate of bones in children can result in stopping growth. Disturbance of growth after fracture of the distal femur (bottom end of the thigh bone just above the knee) is a particularly vexing problem. That’s because this is where the fastest growth plate in the […]

Ideal Treatment Method for Femur Fractures in Children

What’s the best way to stabilize a bad fracture of the femur (thigh bone) in children while minimizing pain, maximizing comfort, and preventing scarring or complications? That’s the topic of this article on current strategies for the management of children’s femur fractures. The truth is there is no known “ideal” […]

Treatment of Elbow Fractures Affecting the Medial Epicondyle in Children

Falls and throwing injuries are the two most common causes of medial epicondyle (elbow) fractures in children and teens between the ages of seven and 15. In this article, current evidence is presented for the evaluation and treatment of these fractures. The medial epicondyle is located on the inside of […]

Is Swaddling Babies a Safe Practice?

Many cultures have practiced swaddling their babies. Native Americans used a cradleboard or “papoose” carrier. More modern use of this positioning relies on a blanket or diapers. The child is placed in a straight position with arms and legs held to the sides. The effect is to create neutral warmth, […]