The procedure your father had was most likely called a vertebroplasty. A long thin needle is inserted into the bone. A strong cement or "superglue" is injected into the area. The cement fills in any cracks or fractures that may be present.
New fractures after vertebroplasty are actually fairly common. Doctors aren't sure if this is just a coincidence or not. The patient may have fractured in the new place even without the first fracture.
Vertebral fractures are common in older adults with osteoporosis. Medications such as corticosteroids taken for other inflammatory conditions put them at an even greater risk for bone fracture. Three of the most common problems patients take long-term steroids for include asthma, lupus, or sarcoidosis.
Vertebroplasty is an operation and any procedure of this type puts the patient at risk for other health concerns. Doing a vertebroplasty as prevention for conditions like osteoporosis just isn't a good idea. It would be much better if we all work to prevent problems like decreased bone mass from starting in the first place. Lifelong dietary and exercise guidelines are the key to many conditions like this.