General Orthopedics

Platelet Rich Plasma

A Patient’s Guide to Platelet-Rich Plasma Treatment of Musculoskeletal Problems Introduction Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) (also known as blood injection therapy) is a medical treatment being used for a wide range of musculoskeletal problems. Platelet-rich plasma refers to a sample of serum (blood) plasma that has as much as four times […]

Tobacco Cessation – Quit Smoking

A Patient’s Guide to Tobacco Cessation Introduction Congratulations! If you are reading this Patient’s Guide to Tobacco Cessation, you have taken the first step toward helping yourself (or perhaps a loved one) to quit smoking and forge a new path toward health and renewal. It will come as no surprise […]

Nutrition and Surgery

A Patient’s Guide to Nutrition and Surgery Introduction Surgery always means a certain amount of risk to your well being. Surgery is a deliberate, skillful injury to your body. It may take you several weeks to months to heal. Infections and blood loss are two possible complications that your surgeon […]

Muscle Cramps

A Patient’s Guide to Muscle Cramps Introduction You have over 600 muscles in your body. These muscles control everything you do, from breathing to putting food in your mouth to swallowing. When it comes to muscle cramps, the most commonly affected muscles are the muscles of your upper arms, the […]

Nutraceuticals (Dietary Supplements or Vitamins)

A Patient’s Guide to Nutraceuticals (Dietary Supplements) Introduction Nutraceutical is a new word, invented by Dr. Stephen DeFelice in 1989. It is two words put together: nutritional and pharmaceutical. Nutraceuticals are dietary supplements that are also called functional foods. According to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), a nutraceutical […]

Septic Arthritis

A Patient’s Guide to Septic Arthritis Introduction Septic arthritis is an infection inside a joint that is caused by bacteria. (Septic describes an infection in the body caused by bacteria.) It comes on suddenly and causes very noticeable pain and swelling in the affected joint. It can affect anyone, including […]


A Patient’s Guide to Tendonitis Introduction Chronic, or long-term, tendon problems are common. Tendon problems are especially common in people who play certain types of sports. Tendon problems account for almost 30 percent of all running injuries and 40 percent of all tennis injuries. We use the term tendonitis, which […]

Viral Arthritis

A Patient’s Guide to Viral Arthritis Introduction We know that some viruses cause joint pain and inflammation (swelling, redness, and heat). Researchers have wondered for a long time whether some kinds of arthritis with unexplained causes may be the result of a virus. So far no one knows, partly because […]


A Patient’s Guide to Osteoporosis Introduction Osteoporosis is a very common disorder affecting the skeleton. In a patient with osteoporosis, the bones begin losing their minerals and support beams, leaving the skeleton brittle and prone to fractures. In the U.S., 10 million individuals are estimated to already have the disease […]


A Patient’s Guide to Arthroscopy Introduction Until recently, surgery on the inside of any joint meant making a large incision and opening the joint to do even the most minor procedure. Twenty years ago, fiber optics began changing all that and is continuing to change how orthopedic surgeons operate on […]

Cast Care

Taking Care of Your New Cast Cast Care Instructions Unless you have a waterproof cast, you should keep your cast dry. However, even waterproof casts should be dried out thoroughly after getting them wet. If you don’t dry your cast out after getting it wet, the skin underneath stays damp […]

Cumulative Trauma Disorder

A Patient’s Guide to Cumulative Trauma Disorder Introduction Cumulative trauma disorder (CTD) is a broad category that includes many common diseases that affect the soft tissues of the body. CTD in itself is not a disease. Doctors use the concept to understand and explain what may have caused, or contributed […]

Postsurgical Infection

A Patient’s Guide to Postsurgical Infection One of the greatest advances in surgery during the twentieth century has been in understanding how to reduce the risk of infection during and after surgery. Any surgical procedure, no matter how small, carries the risk of infection. Simple procedures, such as placing a […]


A Patient’s Guide to Osteoarthritis Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis. In fact, more than 75 percent of people older than fifty-five show the joint deformations of OA on X-rays. But most of these people have no symptoms. For people who do have the joint pain and […]

Psoriatic Arthritis

A Patient’s Guide to Psoriatic Arthritis Introduction Psoriasis is a disease that most people think of as primarily a skin disease because the condition causes a persistent rash in various areas of the body. Psoriatic arthritis is a type of joint disease that occurs in roughly seven percent of people […]

Arthritis Medications

A Patient’s Guide to Medications for Arthritis Doctors have only a few kinds of drugs to help treat the many different kinds of arthritis. The three classes of arthritis medications doctors prescribe are nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), corticosteroids, and disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs). Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) Uses of NSAIDs The […]

Arthritis Rehabilitation

A Patient’s Guide to Rehabilitation for Arthritis Introduction Arthritis is the most common cause of chronic disability. There is no cure for most forms of arthritis. But with some effort, you don’t need to lose all the movement in your joints. A rehabilitation program can help you maintain and even […]

Rheumatoid Arthritis

A Patient’s Guide to Rheumatoid Arthritis Introduction Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic, or long-term, inflammatory form of arthritis. RA is considered an autoimmune disease, in which your immune system attacks the tissues of your own body. In RA, the immune system mostly attacks tissues in the joints, but it […]


A Patient’s Guide to Fibromyalgia Introduction Fibromyalgia, a common painful disorder among women in their middle years (40 to 60 years old) is no longer considered a “disease” but rather a syndrome. The term “syndrome” is used to represent a group of symptoms that tend to occur together either at […]


A Patient’s Guide to Arthritis What Is Arthritis? Arthritis means inflammation of the joints. Inflammation generally includes symptoms of redness, heat, swelling, and pain. Many different diseases can result in inflammation of the joints. Arthritis is therefore a general term that describes more than one hundred different diseases of the […]