Adult Acquired Flatfoot Deformity

A Patient’s Guide to Adult-Acquired Flatfoot Deformity Introduction Adult acquired flatfoot deformity (AAFD) is a painful condition resulting from the collapse of the longitudinal (lengthwise) arch of the foot. As the name suggests, this condition is not present at birth or during childhood. It occurs after the skeleton is fully […]

Haglund’s Deformity

A Patient’s Guide to Haglund’s Deformity of the Foot Introduction Sometimes the shape of a bone can cause problems in the foot. One example of this is Haglund’s deformity, a condition caused by a prominent bump on the back of the heel. This guide will help you understand where the […]

Hallux Rigidus

A Patient’s Guide to Hallux Rigidus Introduction Hallux rigidus is a degenerative type of arthritis that affects the large joint at the base of the big toe. Degenerative arthritis results from wear and tear on the joint surface over time. The condition may follow an injury to the joint or, […]

Plantar Fasciitis

A Patient’s Guide to Plantar Fasciitis (Heel Pain) Introduction Plantar fasciitis is a painful condition affecting the bottom of the foot. It is a common cause of heel pain and is sometimes called a heel spur. Plantar fasciitis is the correct term to use when there is active inflammation. Plantar […]

Ingrown Toenail

A Patient’s Guide to Ingrown Toenail Introduction Ingrown toenail is a condition that most commonly affects the hallux, or big toe. This condition usually results when pressure from improper shoe wear and improper care of the toenails leads to pain and overgrowth of the tissue at the side of the […]

Morton’s Neuroma

A Patient’s Guide to Interdigital Neuroma Introduction Interdigital neuroma (sometimes called a Morton’s neuroma) is the medical term for a painful growth in the forefoot. The pain is most commonly felt between the third and fourth toes but can also occur in the area between the second and third toes. […]

Osteochondritis Dissecans of the Talus

A Patient’s Guide to Osteochondritis Dissecans of the Talus Introduction Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) is a problem that causes pain and stiffness of the ankle joint. It can occur in all age groups. Most cases of OCD usually follow a twisting injury to the ankle and are actually fractures of the […]

Posterior Tibial Tendon Problems

A Patient’s Guide to Posterior Tibial Tendon Problems Introduction Because we use our feet continuously, tendonitis in the foot is a common problem. One of the most frequently affected tendons is the posterior tibial tendon. This guide will help you understand how posterior tendonitis develops how the condition causes problems […]


A Patient’s Guide to Sesamoid Problems Introduction Two pea-sized bones, called sesamoids, are embedded within the soft tissues under the main joint of the big toe. Even though they are small in size, the sesamoids play an important role in how the foot and big toe work. If the sesamoids […]

Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

A Patient’s Guide to Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome Introduction Tarsal tunnel syndrome is a condition that occurs from abnormal pressure on a nerve in the foot. The condition is similar to carpal tunnel syndrome in the wrist. The condition is somewhat uncommon and can be difficult to diagnose. This guide will […]


A Patient’s Guide to Bunions Introduction Hallux valgus is a condition that affects the joint at the base of the big toe. The condition is commonly called a bunion. The bunion actually refers to the bump that grows on the side of the first metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint. In reality, the […]

Bunionette (Tailor’s Bunion)

A Patient’s Guide to Bunionette (Tailor’s Bunion) Introduction A bunionette is similar to a bunion, but it develops on the outside of the foot. It is sometimes referred to as a tailor’s bunion because tailors once sat cross-legged all day with the outside edge of their feet rubbing on the […]

Hammer toe

A Patient’s Guide to Claw Toes and Hammer toes Introduction Claw toe and hammer toe conditions are fairly common in cultures that wear shoes. In most cases, these problems can be traced directly to ill-fitting shoes. This guide will help you understand how claw toe and hammer toe conditions develop […]

Accessory Navicular Problems

A Patient’s Guide to Accessory Navicular Problems Introduction Not everyone has the same number of bones in his feet. It is not uncommon for both the hands and the feet to contain extra small accessory bones, or ossicles, that sometimes cause problems. This guide will help you understand where the […]

Achilles Tendon Problems

A Patient’s Guide to Achilles Tendon Problems Introduction Problems that affect the Achilles tendon include tendonitis, tendinopathy, tendocalcaneal bursitis, and tendonosis. Each of these conditions will be described and explained. These problems affect athletes most often, especially runners, basketball players, and anyone engaged in jumping sports. They are also common […]

Foot Anatomy

A Patient’s Guide to Foot Anatomy Introduction Our feet are constantly under stress. It’s no wonder that 80 percent of us will have some sort of problem with our feet at some time or another. Many things affect the condition of our feet: activity level, occupation, other health conditions, and […]