Orthopedic Topics


Rotational Deformities in Children

A Patient’s Guide to Rotational Deformities in Children Introduction Rotational deformities of the legs and feet in children are often a cause of concern for parents. Most people think of the deformities as either toeing in or toeing out. The deformity actually comes from rotation of the femur and the […]


Flat Feet

A Patient’s Guide to Congenital Flatfoot (Pes Planus) in Children Introduction Flatfeet (also known as pes planus) describes a condition in which the longitudinal (lengthwise) and/or medial (crosswise) arches of the foot are dropped down or flat. The entire bottom of the bare foot is in contact with the floor […]


Weightlifter’s Shoulder

A Patient’s Guide to Weightlifter’s Shoulder (Distal Clavicular Osteolysis) Introduction Weightlifter’s shoulder is a painful deterioration of the distal end of the clavicle (collar bone). It is an overuse phenomenon that causes tiny fractures along the end of the clavicle. A breakdown of the bone (osteolysis) occurs. Weightlifters aren’t the […]


Transient Synovitis

A Patient’s Guide to Transient Synovitis of the Hip in Children Introduction Transient synovitis of the hip is an acute inflammatory condition of the inner lining of the hip. Transient means it is temporary and doesn’t last long. Transient synovitis is also known as toxic synovitis or irritable hip. This […]


Rotator Cuff Tear Arthropathy

A Patient’s Guide to Rotator Cuff Tear Arthropathy Introduction The rotator cuff is a unique structure in the shoulder that is formed by four tendons. These four tendons attach to four muscles that help keep the shoulder stabilized in the socket (or glenoid) and help rotate the upper arm inward […]


Reverse Shoulder Arthroplasty

A Patient’s Guide to Reverse Shoulder Arthroplasty Introduction Shoulder joint replacement surgery (also called shoulder arthroplasty) can effectively ease pain from shoulder arthritis. Most people experience improved shoulder function after this surgery. But, certain patients are not candidates for joint replacement of the shoulder because they lack the muscle function […]


Quadrilateral Space Syndrome

A Patient’s Guide to Quadrilateral Space Syndrome Introduction Quadrilateral space syndrome (QSS) happens when the axillary nerve is compressed, or injured in the back of the shoulder. Sometimes the symptoms are caused by the compression of an artery in the same area. Quadrilateral space syndrome usually happens from overuse, especially […]


Adult Degenerative Scoliosis

A Patient’s Guide to Adult Degenerative Scoliosis Introduction A normal healthy spine will be straight when seen from the front or the back. When seen from the side, the normal spine forms a gentle “S” curve, which is known as adult degenerative scoliosis. Scoliosis is an abnormal or exaggerated curve […]


Triangular Fibrocartilage Complex (TFCC) Injuries

A Patient’s Guide to Triangular Fibrocartilage Complex (TFCC) Injuries Introduction Triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) injuries of the wrist affect the ulnar (little finger) side of the wrist. Mild injuries of the TFCC may be referred to as a wrist sprain. As the name suggests, the soft tissues of the wrist […]


Shoulder Dislocations

A Patient’s Guide to Shoulder Dislocations Introduction A shoulder dislocation is a painful and disabling injury of the glenohumeral joint. Most dislocations are anterior (forward) but the shoulder can dislocate posteriorly (backwards). Inferior and posterolateral dislocations are possible but occur much less often. The specific type of dislocation is based […]


Ulnar Collateral Ligament Reconstruction (Tommy John Surgery)

A Patient’s Guide to Ulnar Collateral Ligament Reconstruction (Tommy John Surgery) Introduction The doctors call it a UCLR ulnar collateral ligament reconstruction. Baseball players and fans call it Tommy John surgery — named after the pitcher (Los Angeles Dodgers) who was the first to have the surgery in 1974. It […]


Ulnar Collateral Ligament Injuries

A Patient’s Guide to Ulnar Collateral Ligament Injuries Introduction The ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) can become stretched, frayed or torn through the stress of repetitive throwing motions, causing ulnar collateral ligament injuries. Professional pitchers have been the athletes treated most often for this problem. Javelin throwers and football, racquet sports, […]


Chondromalacia Patella

A Patient’s Guide to Chondromalacia Patella Introduction The patella, or kneecap, can be a source of knee pain when it fails to function properly. Alignment or overuse problems of the patella can lead to wear and tear of the cartilage behind the patella. Chondromalacia patella is a common knee problem […]


Quadriceps Tendonitis

A Patient’s Guide to Quadriceps Tendonitis of the Knee Introduction Alignment or overuse problems of the knee structures can lead to strain, irritation, and/or injury of the quadriceps muscle and tendon. Quadriceps tendonitis produces pain, weakness, and swelling of the knee joint. These problems can affect people of all ages […]


Patellar Tendonitis

A Patient’s Guide to Patellar Tendonitis Introduction Alignment or overuse problems of the knee structures can lead to strain, irritation, and/or injury. This produces pain, weakness, and swelling of the knee joint.┬áPatellar tendonitis (also known as jumper’s knee) is a common overuse condition associated with running, repeated jumping and landing, […]


Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis

A Patient’s Guide to Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis Introduction Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis (DISH) is a phenomenon that more commonly affects older males. It is associated with stiffness and back pain, but often it causes no signs or symptoms. The most common finding of Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis (DISH) is […]


Dropped Head Syndrome

A Patient’s Guide to Dropped Head Syndrome Introduction Dropped Head Syndrome is characterized by severe weakness of the muscles of the back of the neck. This causes the chin to rest on the chest in standing or sitting. Floppy Head Syndrome and Head Ptosis are other names used to describe […]


Cervical Burners and Stingers (Brachial Plexus Injuries)

A Patient’s Guide to Burners and Stingers (Brachial Plexus Injuries) Introduction Injury to the nerves of the neck and shoulder that cause a burning or stinging feeling are called burners or stingers. Another name for this type of nerve injury is brachial plexus injury. Football players are affected most often. […]


Sacral Insufficiency Fractures

A Patient’s Guide to Sacral Insufficiency Fractures Introduction The sacrum is a wedge shaped bone that makes up part of the pelvis. It transmits the weight of the body to the pelvic girdle. As the name suggests, sacral insufficiency fractures occur when the quality of the sacral bone has become […]


Pes Anserine Bursitis of the Knee

A Patient’s Guide to Pes Anserine (Goosefoot) Bursitis Introduction Bursitis of the knee occurs when constant friction on the bursa causes inflammation. The bursa is a small sac that cushions the bone from tendons that rub over the bone. Bursae can also protect other tendons as tissues glide over one […]