Orthopedic Topics


Artificial Joint Replacement of the Hip, Anterior Approach

A Patient’s Guide to Artificial Joint Replacement of the Hip, Anterior Approach Introduction A hip that is painful as a result of osteoarthritis (OA) can severely affect your ability to lead a full, active life. Over the last 25 years, major advancements in hip replacement have improved the outcome of […]


Transcutaneous Electrical Stimulation (TENS) for Chronic Lumbar Spine Pain

A Patient’s Guide to Transcutaneous Electrical Stimulation (TENS) for Chronic Lumbar Spine Pain Introduction Low back pain due to musculoskeletal disorders, is the largest cause of time off work. The most commonly prescribed intervention is rest, pain medications, and a referral to physical therapy. Physicians and physical therapists commonly recommend […]


Transcutaneous Electrical Stimulation (TENS) for Cervical Spine Pain

A Patient’s Guide to Transcutaneous Electrical Stimulation (TENS) for Cervical Spine Pain Introduction Neck (cervical spine) pain due to musculoskeletal disorders, is the second largest cause of time off work – low back pain being first. It is generally worse in the morning and evening. The most commonly prescribed intervention […]


Transcutaneous Electrical Stimulation (TENS)

A Patient’s Guide to Pain Management: Transcutaneous Electrical Stimulation (TENS) Introduction Electrical nerve stimulation is a treatment for pain that can be used for acute pain (e.g., during labor or after surgery) or for chronic pain. It is a form of electrical energy sent in various wave forms to the […]


Bipartite Patella in Children

A Patient’s Guide to Bipartite Patella in Children Introduction Bipartite patella is a congenital condition (present at birth) that occurs when the patella (kneecap) is made of two bones instead of a single bone. Normally, the two bones would fuse together as the child grows. But in bipartite patella, they […]


Pigmented Villonodular Synovitis of the Knee

A Patient’s Guide to Pigmented Villonodular Synovitis (PVNS) of the Knee Introduction Pigmented villonodular synovitis of the knee (PVNS) is a very rare disease. Pigmented villonodular synovitis is most often painless inflammation or swelling, and overgrowth of the lining of a joint. The growth can invade the nearby bone. Eighty per […]


Bipartite Patella

A Patient’s Guide to Bipartite Patella Introduction Bipartite patella is a congenital condition (present at birth) that occurs when the patella (kneecap) is made of two bones instead of a single bone. Normally, the two bones would fuse together as the you grow. But in bipartite patella, they remain as […]


Osteonecrosis of the Humeral Head

A Patient’s Guide to Osteonecrosis of the Humeral Head Introduction Osteonecrosis of the humeral head is a condition where a portion of the bone of the humeral head (the top of the humerus or upper arm bone) loses its blood supply, dies and collapses. Another term used for osteonecrosis is […]


Ankle Arthroscopy

A Patient’s Guide to Ankle Arthroscopy Introduction Arthroscopy is a procedure where a small video camera attached to a fiberoptic lens is inserted into the body to allow a physician or surgeon to see without making a large incision. Arthroscopy is now used to evaluate and treat orthopedic problems in […]


Tobacco Cessation – Quit Smoking

A Patient’s Guide to Tobacco Cessation Introduction Congratulations! If you are reading this Patient’s Guide to Tobacco Cessation, you have taken the first step toward helping yourself (or perhaps a loved one) to quit smoking and forge a new path toward health and renewal. It will come as no surprise […]


Knee Arthroscopy

A Patient’s Guide to Knee Arthroscopy Introduction The use of arthroscopy has revolutionized many different types of orthopedic surgery. During knee arthroscopy, a small video camera attached to a fiberoptic lens is inserted into the body to allow a physician or surgeon to see without making a large incision (arthro […]


Shoulder Arthroscopy

A Patient’s Guide to Shoulder Arthroscopy Introduction The use of arthroscopy (arthro means joint and scopy means look) has revolutionized many different types of orthopedic surgery. During a shoulder arthroscopy, a small video camera attached to a fiber-optic lens is inserted into the shoulder joint to allow a surgeon to […]


Labral Tears of the Hip

A Patient’s Guide to Labral Tears of the Hip Introduction Acetabular labrum tears (labral tears) can cause pain, stiffness, and other disabling symptoms of the hip joint. The pain can occur if the labrum is torn, frayed, or damaged. Active adults between the ages of 20 and 40 are affected […]


Femoroacetabular Impingement

A Patient’s Guide to Femoroacetabular Impingement of the Hip Introduction Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) occurs in the hip joint. Impingement refers to some portion of the soft tissue around the hip socket getting pinched or compressed. Femoroacetabular tells us the impingement is occurring where the femur (thigh bone) meets the acetabulum […]


Hip Arthroscopy

A Patient’s Guide to Hip Arthroscopy Introduction A hip arthroscopy is a procedure where a small video camera attached to a fiberoptic lens is inserted into the hip joint to allow a surgeon to see without making a large incision. Arthroscopy is now used to evaluate and treat orthopedic problems […]


Nursemaid’s Elbow

A Patient’s Guide to Nursemaid’s Elbow Introduction Nursemaid’s elbow is a common injury in young children. It occurs most often around age two and rarely seen after age eight. Lifting the child up a step by the hand, giving the hand a sudden jerk, or pulling the child away from […]


Platelet Rich Plasma

A Patient’s Guide to Platelet-Rich Plasma Treatment of Musculoskeletal Problems Introduction Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) (also known as blood injection therapy) is a medical treatment being used for a wide range of musculoskeletal problems. Platelet-rich plasma refers to a sample of serum (blood) plasma that has as much as four times […]


Elbow Dislocation

A Patient’s Guide to Elbow Dislocation Introduction When the joint surfaces of an elbow are forced apart, the elbow is dislocated. The elbow is the second most commonly dislocated joint in adults (after shoulder dislocation). Elbow dislocation can be complete or partial. A partial dislocation is referred to as a […]


Adult Acquired Flatfoot Deformity

A Patient’s Guide to Adult-Acquired Flatfoot Deformity Introduction Adult acquired flatfoot deformity (AAFD) is a painful condition resulting from the collapse of the longitudinal (lengthwise) arch of the foot. As the name suggests, this condition is not present at birth or during childhood. It occurs after the skeleton is fully […]


Limping in Children

A Patient’s Guide to Limping in Children Introduction Limping in a child is a concern. Limping in a child is never normal. It can be caused by many things, sometimes by something minor, like a blister or cut. The most common cause of a limp in young children is a […]