News Category: Foot


Unraveling the Mysteries of the Bunion

In many ways, hallux valgus more commonly known as “bunions” remains a mystery. What causes it? Why does it seem to run in some families but not others? Is it caused by wearing pointy shoes? If it is caused by shoe wear, why doesn’t everyone who wears those shoes develop […]


Part Two of a Study on Platelet-Rich Plasma for the Achilles Tendon

You may have heard the expression, What you see is what you get. Well, in medical research that isn’t always the case. Time can be an important factor. For example, treatment results using platelet-rich plasma for tennis elbow were better than results with steroid injections when measured a year after […]


Treatment for Plantar Fasciitis: What Works Best?

The search for pain relief from plantar fasciitis continues. In this study, a podiatrist reports on the results of comparing four different treatments for plantar fasciitis. One hundred patients received either ultrasound, orthotics (shoe inserts), injections, or arch supports. Plantar fasciitis is a painful condition affecting the bottom of the […]


Three Questions (and Answers) About Navicular Fractures of the Foot

In this study, orthopedic surgeons from The OrthoCarolina Foot and Ankle Institute in North Carolina asked three questions about navicular stress fractures. Let’s orient ourselves to the navicular bone, to stress fractures, and then we can tell you the three questions (and answers to the questions). The navicular bone of […]


Disability From Complications of Surgery for Achilles Tendon Rupture

The diagnosis: acute Achilles tendon rupture. The treatment: minimally invasive surgery (MIS). The result: complications! The final outcome: that’s what this report is all about. Surgeons in The Netherlands followed 211 patients who had surgery to repair a ruptured Achilles tendon. The particular interest was in final outcomes for patients […]


Effects of a Custom-Fit Orthosis for Plantar Fasciitis

Physical therapists are front and center in the nonsurgical treatment of plantar fasciitis, a painful foot condition that affects 10 per cent of all Americans at some time in their lives. With an estimated one million patient visits to physicians each year in the United States for this painful condition, […]


New Treatment Advice for Plantar Fasciitis

If you suffer from heel pain as a result of plantar fasciitis, you are not alone. An estimated two million adults in the United States experience significant heel pain every year. And over time, at least one in 10 Americans will report this common foot pain problem. The problem may […]


Step-By-Step Evaluation of Midfoot Fractures

In this review article, orthopedic surgeons remind us how midfoot injuries called Lisfranc injuries come about, why they are called by that funny name, how the physician makes the diagnosis, and what type of treatment is called for. Most people have a general idea of what is meant by the […]


Report on Turf Toe in Athletes

If you pay attention to any sports news, then you know how sports radio and TV hosts talk endlessly about athletes’ injuries. With more and more focus on sports, even the tiniest scratch or dent is headline news. One of the more unusual injuries reported in football players is called […]


Which Is Better: Stretching or Shock-Wave Therapy for Plantar Fasciopathy?

Many people suffer from foot pain attributed to plantar fasciitis. But when the pain becomes chronic and lasts months to years, the problem isn’t one of inflammation but rather a failure to heal. The condition is referred to as plantar fasciopathy. What can be done to help? The plantar fascia […]


Achilles Tendon Rupture: Surgery or No Surgery?

If we told you the rate of re-rupture after surgery for acute Achilles tendon injuries is four per cent (compared with 12 per cent for patients treated nonsurgically), would you have the surgery? At first glance, the numbers seem to speak for themselves. But listen to what surgeons and physical […]


Foot Pain: Causes and Treatment

In this review article, orthopedic surgeons specializing in foot care bring us up-to-date on a type of foot pain called metatarsalgia. Metatarsals refer to the long bones of the toe. The term -algia always indicates pain. So in metatarsalgia, the pain occurs at the base of the toes where the […]


Long-term Results of Foot Injuries From Airbags

You probably won’t be surprised to know that front-end collisions resulting in airbag release cause significant physical injuries. The force of the bag inflating against the body protects the person from smashing into the dashboard or going out the front window. But as Newton’s third law of motion states, For […]


Family History Plays Large Role in Developing Bunions

Hallux valgus, or bunions, is a chronic condition caused by the deformation of the joint just below the big toe, the metatarsophalangeal joint. It can be identified by the big toe moving towards the other toes, with a large bump forming to the side of the foot. Although there aren’t […]


Review of Pedal Macrodactyly

Macro means larger than what is considered normal; pedal macrodactyly is a condition where the toe on a foot is growing more quickly than the other normally growing toes. It is a rare congenital disease, which means that you are born with it, although it doesn’t seem to run in […]


Despite Early Childhood Surgery, Some Issues Remain in Adults with Clubfoot

Clubfoot, called congenital talipes equinovarus or CTEV in medical language, is a common birth defect, occurring in about one out of every 1,000 births. At first, the foot is treated by trying to manipulate it back into its proper place and shape, but how the manipulation is done depends on […]


Is There a Link Between Tight Calf Muscles and Foot Pain?

Serendipity is a fancy word for the idea that sometimes things happen unexpectedly. And the results of the event have a positive effect on us or benefit us in some special way. Sometimes surgeons discover things serendipitously. For example, surgically lengthening the gastrocnemius (calf) muscle in patients with diabetes helps […]


Joint Replacement For the Big Toe

Joint replacements are widely used for the hip, knee, and shoulder. Ankle, elbow, and finger joint replacements are available but are less common. Now on the cutting edge are toe replacements — specifically the first metatarsophalangeal joint (MTP) or base of the big toe. Companies that make joint implants are […]


Using Ultrasound Can Help Diagnose Stress Fracture in Foot

A stress fracture is a broken bone, an overuse injury. It can happen in just about any bone, but is most common in the feet or the tibia, the shin bone. Diagnosing stress fractures can be difficult because early fractures don’t always show up on regular x-rays. In fact, it […]