Cervical Spine


Transcutaneous Electrical Stimulation (TENS) for Cervical Spine Pain

A Patient’s Guide to Transcutaneous Electrical Stimulation (TENS) for Cervical Spine Pain Introduction Neck (cervical spine) pain due to musculoskeletal disorders, is the second largest cause of time off work – low back pain being first. It is generally worse in the morning and evening. The most commonly prescribed intervention […]


Dropped Head Syndrome

A Patient’s Guide to Dropped Head Syndrome Introduction Dropped Head Syndrome is characterized by severe weakness of the muscles of the back of the neck. This causes the chin to rest on the chest in standing or sitting. Floppy Head Syndrome and Head Ptosis are other names used to describe […]


Cervical Burners and Stingers (Brachial Plexus Injuries)

A Patient’s Guide to Burners and Stingers (Brachial Plexus Injuries) Introduction Injury to the nerves of the neck and shoulder that cause a burning or stinging feeling are called burners or stingers. Another name for this type of nerve injury is brachial plexus injury. Football players are affected most often. […]


Whiplash

A Patient’s Guide to Whiplash Introduction Whiplash is defined as a sudden extension of the cervical spine (backward movement of the neck) and flexion (forward movement of the neck). This type of trauma is also referred to as a cervical acceleration-deceleration (CAD) injury. Rear-end or side-impact motor vehicle collisions are […]


Cervical Artificial Disc Replacement

A Patient’s Guide to Cervical Artificial Disc Replacement Introduction Artificial disc replacement (ADR) is relatively new. In June 2004, the first ADR for the lumbar spine (low back) was approved by the FDA for use in the US. Replacing a damaged disc in the cervical spine (neck) is a bit […]


Posterior Cervical Fusion

A Patient’s Guide to Posterior Cervical Fusion Introduction Posterior cervical fusion is done through the back (posterior) of the neck. The surgery joins two or more neck vertebrae into one solid section of bone. The medical term for fusion is arthrodesis. Posterior cervical fusion is most commonly used to treat […]


Cervical Foraminotomy

A Patient’s Guide to Cervical Foraminotomy Introduction Foraminotomy is a surgical procedure for widening the area where the spinal nerve roots exit the spinal column. A foramen is the opening around the nerve root, and otomy refers to the medical procedure for enlarging the opening. In this procedure, surgeons widen […]


Cervical Discectomy

A Patient’s Guide to Cervical Discectomy Introduction Cervical discectomy is surgery to remove one or more discs from the neck. The disc is the pad that separates the neck vertebrae; ectomy means to take out. Usually a discectomy is combined with a fusion of the two vertebrae that are separated […]


Cervical Corpectomy and Strut Graft

A Patient’s Guide to Cervical Corpectomy and Strut Graft Introduction A corpectomy is surgery to relieve pressure on the spinal cord due to spinal stenosis. In spinal stenosis, bone spurs press against the spinal cord, leading to a condition called myelopathy. This can produce problems with the bowels and bladder […]


Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion

A Patient’s Guide to Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion Introduction Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) is a procedure used to treat neck problems such as cervical radiculopathy, disc herniations, fractures, and spinal instability. In this procedure, the surgeon enters the neck from the front (the anterior region) and removes […]


Cervical Spine Anatomy

A Patient’s Guide to Cervical Spine Anatomy Introduction Knowing the main parts of your neck and how these parts work is important as you learn to care for your neck problem. Two common anatomic terms are useful as they relate to the neck. The term anterior refers to the front […]


Cervical Laminectomy

A Patient’s Guide to Cervical Laminectomy Introduction A laminectomy is a surgical procedure to relieve pressure on the spinal cord due to spinal stenosis. In spinal stenosis, bone spurs press against the spinal cord, leading to a condition called myelopathy. Myelopathy can produce problems with the bowels and bladder, disruptions […]


Cervical Spinal Stenosis

A Patient’s Guide to Cervical Spinal Stenosis Introduction The spinal cord is a column of nerve tissue protected by a bony tube in the spinal column. Conditions that narrow the space in this tube put the spinal cord at risk of getting squeezed. This narrowing in the spinal column of […]


Cervical Radiculopathy

A Patient’s Guide to Cervical Radiculopathy Introduction Neck pain has many causes. Mechanical neck pain comes from injury or inflammation in the soft tissues of the neck. This is much different and less concerning than symptoms that come from pressure on the nerve roots as they exit the spinal column. […]


Neck Pain

A Patient’s Guide to Neck Pain Introduction Neck pain is a common reason people visit their doctor. Neck pain typically doesn’t start from a single injury. Instead, the problem usually develops over time from the stress and strain of daily activities. Eventually, the parts of the spine begin to degenerate. […]