Pain Management


Transcutaneous Electrical Stimulation (TENS)

A Patient’s Guide to Pain Management: Transcutaneous Electrical Stimulation (TENS) Introduction Electrical nerve stimulation is a treatment for pain that can be used for acute pain (e.g., during labor or after surgery) or for chronic pain. It is a form of electrical energy sent in various wave forms to the […]


Medication Approach to Chronic Pain

A Patient’s Guide to: Medication Approach to Chronic Pain Introduction Pain is the most common reason for visiting a doctor. Treatment for pain consists of non-drug therapy and drug therapy. Examples of the non-drug therapies are physical therapy, relaxation exercises, injections, and massage. Most patients with chronic pain will need […]


Complex Regional Pain Syndrome

A Patient’s Guide to Pain Management: Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Introduction Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS) is divided into two categories, CRPS I and CRPS II. CRPS I (caused by an injury to tissues) was previously called Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy (RSD), Sudeck‚Äôs atrophy, and shoulder-hand syndrome. CRPS II (caused by […]


Chronic Pain and Nutrition

A Patient’s Guide to Chronic Pain and Nutrition Introduction Your nutrition has a major role in how you feel pain. What you eat will give your body the chemistry it needs to make an inflammatory response. Inflammation is what your immune system creates when there is some kind of insult […]


Pain Management Medications

A Patient’s Guide to Pain Management Medications Introduction There are several types of medications that can be used to treat pain. No one drug works for everyone. The medications that work best for you will depend on the type of pain you have and your response to them. Your medication […]


Chronic Pain and Sleep

A Patient’s Guide to Chronic Pain and Sleep Introduction Sleep and pain problems are among the most common complaints in our society. It is not surprising then that these conditions frequently occur in the same person. Painful diseases such as backache, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, headache, and fibromyalgia may interfere with […]


Complementary and Alternative Medicine

A Patient’s Guide to Pain Management: Body Talk Introduction Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has become more and more popular as a way to maintain or regain health. CAM refers to a wide range of therapies that complement (go along with) traditional approaches. But when allopathic doctors (those who practice […]


Radiofrequency Ablation

A Patient’s Guide to Pain Management: Radiofrequency Ablation Introduction Radiofrequency ablation is a treatment where radio waves are used to create heat and destroy a part of a nerve. This technique is most commonly used to treat pain that is originating in the facet joints of the spine. The procedure […]


Facet Joint Injections

A Patient’s Guide to Pain Management: Facet Joint Injections Introduction Injections are commonly used by pain specialists, both to help diagnose the painful condition and to help treat the painful condition. Facet joint injections are commonly used to determine what is causing back pain. Facet joint injections are primarily diagnostic […]


Sacroiliac Joint Injections

A Patient’s Guide to Pain Management: Sacroiliac Joint Injections Introduction Sacroiliac (SI) joint injections are commonly used to determine what is causing back pain. SI joint injections are primarily diagnostic injections, meaning that they help your doctor determine the cause of your back pain. These injections eliminate pain temporarily by […]


Piriformis Muscle Injections

A Patient’s Guide to Pain Management: Piriformis Muscle Injections Introduction Piriformis muscle injections are commonly used to determine what is causing buttock and sciatica type pain. Piriformis muscle injections are both diagnostic injections and therapeutic injections, meaning that they help your doctor determine the cause of your back pain and […]


Relaxation Training

A Patient’s Guide to Pain Management: Relaxation Training Introduction Learning to relax can help you manage your pain. Most chronic back pain sufferers are very familiar with the fact that stress and tension tend to make pain worse. Increased stress and worse pain tend to go hand in hand. This […]


Pain Pumps

A Patient’s Guide to Pain Management: Pain Pumps Introduction Pain pump delivery of narcotic drugs is a rather new option available to persons with cancer and non-cancer pain. It is also called intraspinal (within the spine) or intrathecal (within the spinal canal) delivery. It was first used in 1979 after […]


Spinal Cord Stimulators

A Patient’s Guide to Pain Management: Spinal Cord Stimulators Introduction A spinal cord stimulator, also called a dorsal column stimulator, is an implanted electronic device used to help treat chronic pain. These devices have been in use for the treatment of pain for over 30 years and they continue to […]


Chronic Pain Management

A Patient’s Guide to Chronic Pain Management Introduction According to the National Center for Health Statistics chronic pain health care costs and lost productivity has reached nearly $100 billion a year. It affects approximately 76.2 million people – more individuals than diabetes, heart disease and cancer combined. The primary goals […]


Epidural Steroid Injections

Pain Management: A Patient’s Guide to Epidural Steroid Injections Introduction Epidural steroid injections (ESI) are commonly used to control back and leg pain from many different causes. These injections control pain by reducing inflammation and swelling. They do not cure any of the diseases they are commonly used for, but […]


Injections for Pain

Pain Management: A Patient’s Guide to Injections for Pain Introduction Injections are commonly used by pain specialists, both to help diagnose the painful condition and to help treat the painful condition. This guide will help you understand the difference between diagnostic and therapeutic injections what the common medications injected are […]