Ankle


Ankle Arthroscopy

A Patient’s Guide to Ankle Arthroscopy Introduction Arthroscopy is a procedure where a small video camera attached to a fiberoptic lens is inserted into the body to allow a physician or surgeon to see without making a large incision. Arthroscopy is now used to evaluate and treat orthopedic problems in […]


Ankle Anatomy

A Patient’s Guide to Ankle Anatomy Introduction The ankle joint acts like a hinge. But it’s much more than a simple hinge joint. The ankle is actually made up of several important structures. The unique design of the ankle makes it a very stable joint. This joint has to be […]


Peroneal Tendon Subluxation

A Patient’s Guide to Peroneal Tendon Subluxation Introduction The peroneals are two muscles and their tendons that attach along the outer edge of the lower leg. The peroneal tendons are enclosed in a fibrous tunnel that runs behind the outside ankle bone (the lateral malleolus). Damage or injury to the […]


Peroneal Tendon

A Patient’s Guide to Peroneal Tendon Problems Introduction Problems affecting the two peroneal tendons that lie behind the outer ankle bone (the lateral malleolus) are common in athletes. These problems mainly occur in the area where the two tendons glide within a fibrous tunnel behind the lateral malleolus. This guide […]


Ankle Impingement

A Patient’s Guide to Ankle Impingement Problems Introduction Ankle impingement occurs when soft tissues around the ankle are pinched or nipped. Impingement mainly happens when the ankle is fully bent up or down, leading to pain either in the front or back of the ankle joint. Problems near the front […]


High Ankle Sprain – Ankle Syndesmosis

A Patient’s Guide to Ankle Syndesmosis Injuries Introduction An ankle injury common to athletes is the ankle syndesmosis injury. This type of injury is sometimes called a high ankle sprain because it involves the ligaments above the ankle joint. In an ankle syndesmosis injury, at least one of the ligaments […]


Ankle Replacement

A Patient’s Guide to Artificial Joint Replacement of the Ankle Introduction Surgery to replace the ankle joint with an artificial joint (called ankle arthroplasty) is becoming more common. This surgery is not done as often as replacement of the knee or hip joints. Still, when necessary, this operation can reduce […]


Ankle Fusion

A Patient’s Guide to Ankle Fusion Introduction An ankle fusion is a surgical procedure that is usually done when an ankle joint becomes worn out and painful, a condition called degenerative arthritis. Ankle fusion is sometimes called ankle arthrodesis. Probably the most common cause of degenerative arthritis of the ankle […]


Ankle Arthritis

A Patient’s Guide to Osteoarthritis of the Ankle Introduction This is due to the wear and tear that occurs over the years after the injury. This condition is called osteoarthritis (OA) or posttraumatic arthritis. Trauma means injury, and the term posttraumatic arthritis is used to describe arthritis that develops after […]


Ankle Sprain

A Patient’s Guide to Ankle Sprain Introduction An ankle sprain is a common injury and usually results when the ankle is twisted, or turned in (inverted). The term sprain signifies injury to the soft tissues, usually the ligaments, of the ankle. This guide will help you understand how an ankle […]


Shin Splints

A Patient’s Guide to Shin Splints Introduction Pain along the front or inside edge of the shinbone (tibia) is commonly referred to as shin splints. The problem is common in athletes who run and jump. It is usually caused by doing too much, too quickly. The runner with this condition […]